Added: Chimere Hitch - Date: 14.08.2021 13:49 - Views: 17214 - Clicks: 5944
Women in the United States have made ificant strides toward closing the gaps that have kept them from achieving equality with men. But the country is sharply divided over how much work remains to be done, and those divisions are rooted mainly in the growing partisan schism that pervades American values and culture these days. Those who see an advantage for men often say these inequities are rooted in the workplace.
Politics also underpins views about who has benefited from the changing roles of men and women. Among Democrats and Republicans, more see an upside for women than for men as women have taken on a greater role in the workplace and men have assumed more responsibility for child care and housework, but Democrats are far more likely than Republicans to see benefits flowing from this societal shift. In addition, Democrats are more likely than Republicans to say changing gender roles have made it easier for parents to raise children, for marriages to be successful and for families to earn enough money to live comfortably.
To be sure, men and women have different perspectives on how far the country has come in achieving gender equality, but these differences are relatively narrow when partisanship is considered. The nationally Women over time survey of 4, adults was conducted online Aug. Among Republicans, views are consistent across educational groups. The education gap among Democrats is even wider when it comes to whether men or women have easier lives these days. Again, Republicans are more consistent in their views, regardless of educational attainment.
Republican views of the benefits of changing gender roles are also divided along educational lines. The views of Millennial women differ sharply from those of Millennial men on the question of whether changing gender roles have made it easier for women to live more satisfying lives.
Among older generations of adults, there is no similar gender gap. Among both women and men who say they have faced discrimination because of their gender, more cite situations related to hiring, pay or promotion than any other example of unfair treatment they have experienced. In many ways, the workplace has represented the front lines in the battle for gender equality in the U. Over the past half century, the role of women in the workplace has been transformed as they have increased their labor force participation, seen their wages increase and made inro into occupations that were ly dominated by men.
Even so, women still lag behind in several key leadership realms. The share of women in the labor force grew throughout the second half of the 20th century, but has leveled off since then. This overall trend is linked to labor force participation, another area where women have seen tremendous growth over the past several decades — narrowing the gap with their male counterparts.
Wages have declined more sharply for young men those ages 25 to 34 than for other age groups. Higher earnings for women and lower earnings for men have resulted in a narrower gender wage gap. Inwomen earned, on average, 83 cents for every dollar earned by men. In women earned 64 cents for every dollar earned by men.
Still, the gender wage gap persistsand the reasons for that are complex. The gains women have made in wages have been driven in part by their increased presence in more lucrative occupations. Today, women are just as likely as men to be working in managerial occupations. Inmen were twice as likely as women to have these types of jobs. In the past, women were more highly concentrated in lower-paying clerical or administrative occupations than they are today. Even as women have made inro in a wide range of leadership positions in recent decades, the gender gap remains quite wide in this area.
Currently, there are six female governors and four females in executive branch Cabinet-level positions not including those serving acting positions. for a more detailed look at data on women leaders. Americans across demographic and partisan groups agree that women should have equal rights with men. These views differ by gender, education and, most of all, partisanship. Among Democrats, those with at least some college education are far more likely than those with no college experience to express dissatisfaction with the current state of gender equality. There are no ificant education gaps among Republicans in views of the state of gender equality.
The survey also finds that men and women express considerably different views about the current state of gender equality, but this gender gap narrows when partisanship is taken into. Perceptions vary considerably by gender, educational attainment and partisanship. Partisanship also plays a large role in perceptions of how things are going for men and women in the U. In contrast, among Republicans, views of who has it easier are consistent across levels of educational attainment.
The question was open-ended and respondents could give multiple answers. Still, the gender pay gap tops the list for both men and women who say things are easier for men in our country these days. Other answers are mentioned about equally by Democrats and Republicans who say men have it easier than women.
They control the country and most businesses. Women in general tend to earn less than men. Men come home and kick back. They seem to be taken more seriously than women. Women usually carry the load when it comes to family life. When they speak, they are assumed to have some authority Women over time having to prove it. They still earn more money than women, on average, even in comparable jobs. This makes it harder for women to be considered for these positions and makes them less likely to apply or work in related fields.
Due to small sample sizes, it is Women over time possible to analyze responses across demographic or partisan groups. High-school-age girls, especially minorities, get more scholarships. Everyone is on the prowl for perceived injustice and attempts to elevate women of all Women over time. Not so much for males. They are catered and pandered to, and taught they are entitled to things. I think it is still required for a man to provide for himself and family if he has one. Women are allowed to slap and belittle men constantly on TV. Never the reverse.
That is real life today. I think that there is a sympathy thing, but also too many women bash men for being men. People are too offended by everything. Also, there is no affirmative action for being male. Many highly qualified women simply choose raising a family as a priority over a money-oriented career, so they are not in the workplace. Among women, those with more education are more likely to say they have experienced gender discrimination.
In contrast, among men, similar shares across educational levels say they have experienced discrimination or been treated unfairly because of their gender. Democratic women are far more likely than their Republican counterparts to report that they have experienced discrimination or been treated unfairly because of their gender. Since the s, a greater share of women in two-parent families are working outside the home either full-time or part-time.
At the same time, fathers report spending more time on child care and household chores. While there is some ambivalence among the public about Women over time impact of these changing gender roles, more say these changes have made things easier for women than say they have made things easier for men. As with views about the state of gender equality, attitudes about the impact of changing gender roles on men, women and families vary sharply across party lines, with Democrats far more likely than Republicans to see benefits in many areas.
Double-digit party gaps are also evident when it comes to views of whether changing gender roles have made it easier for marriages to be successful a gap of 21 percentage pointsfor men to lead satisfying lives 18 pointsfor parents to raise children 16 points and for families to earn enough money to live comfortably 14 points. Attitudes about the impact of changing gender roles also vary sharply by education, and these differences mostly hold up among Democrats and Republicans alike. Similarly, by double-digit margins, college graduates are more likely than adults with less education to say changing gender roles have made it easier for families to earn enough money to live comfortably a gap of 14 percentage pointsfor men to lead satisfying lives 14 points and for marriages to be successful 10 points.
And while similar shares of married and unmarried adults say changing gender roles have made it easier for marriages to be successful, there are gender differences among married women and men who say this is the case. In fact, the generational differences on this question are particularly pronounced among Democratic women, suggesting that the overall generational gap is Women over time driven by the fact that Millennial women are more Democratic than older generations of women.
All references to party affiliation include those who lean toward that party: Republicans include those who identify as Republicans and independents who say they lean toward the Republican Party and Democrats include those who identify as Democrats and independents who say they lean toward the Democratic Party. References to Millennials include adults who are ages 18 to 36 in Generation Xers includes those who are ages 37 to 52, Baby Boomers include those who are 53 to 71 and Silents include those ages 72 to About Pew Research Center Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan fact tank that informs the public about the issues, attitudes and trends shaping the world.
It conducts public opinion polling, demographic research, media content analysis and other empirical social science research. Pew Research Center Women over time not take policy positions. It is a subsidiary of The Pew Charitable Trusts. Newsletters Donate My. Research Topics. Experiences with gender discrimination are often related to workplace practices Among both women and men who say they have faced discrimination because of their gender, more cite situations related to hiring, pay or promotion than any other example of unfair treatment they have experienced.
Women have made gains in the labor force, while men have seen losses; still, inequality persists In many ways, the workplace has represented the front lines in the battle for gender equality in the U. Men still dominate top leadership positions Even as women have made inro in a wide range of leadership positions in recent decades, the gender gap remains quite wide in this area.
In their own words: In what ways would you say MEN have it easier in our country these days? You are reading 1 2 3. American Trends Panel Wave 29 Dataset. Are you a Core Conservative? A Solid Liberal? Or somewhere in between?Women over time
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How being a woman has changed over years