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Opium is a depressant drug, which means it slows down the messages traveling between your brain and body. The opium poppy Papaver somniferum L. Opium poppy pods hold a milky substance called latex that contains a of chemicals, including morphine and codeine. Typically, it is be further refined by boiling and drying again. Opium is a sticky dark-brown gum with a strong odour. It can also be manufactured into a liquid or powder.
Opium may be smoked, eaten raw or as a pill, or made into a tincture for drinking. There is no safe level of drug use. Use of any drug always carries some risk. If you take a large amount of opium, you could overdose. Taking multiple depressant drugs, like opium with alcohol or benzodiazepines, can ificantly increase the chances of overdose. Taking opium with stimulants, like cocaine or speed, send opposite als to your body, which can strain the heart.
Mixing opium and stimulants may also mask the effects of each other, which can increase the risk of overdose. Giving up opium after using it for a long time is challenging because the body must get used to functioning without it.
Withdrawing from opium is similar to withdrawing from other opioid drugs. Withdrawal symptoms usually start six to 24 hours after the last dose and can last around seven to ten days. These symptoms are described as flu-like, and can include:. Opium is illegal What is opium used for Australia. Federal and state laws provide penalties for possessing, using, cultivating or selling opium, or driving under its influence.
If your use of opium is affecting your health, family, relationships, work, school, financial or other life situations, you can find help and support. Chinese molassesOauntiaunti Emmabig Oblack pillchandudopiumdream gunfi-do-niegeegumamidnight oilzero. Last published: July What is opium used for, Print. What is opium? How is opium used?
Effects of opium There is no safe level of drug use. Short term effects may include: euphoria relaxation analgesia slower, shallower breathing lower heart rate impaired reflexes temporary constipation loss of appetite. Long-term effects Regular use of opium may cause: tolerance - needing to use more to get the same effect irregular periods and difficulty having children loss of sex drive constipation dependence on opium.
Withdrawal Giving up opium after using it for a long time is challenging because the body must get used to functioning without it. These symptoms are described as flu-like, and can include: restlessness and irritability insomnia depression and crying diarrhoea sweating restless sleep muscle cramps nausea and vomiting fast heartbeat. The source of lead in opium is still unclear, possibly due to contamination from equipment used to process the opium, intentional adulteration of opium with lead to increase its weight, or from growing opium poppies in contaminated soil.
Opium statistics Current statistics on opium use in Australia are unknown. Getting help If your use of opium is affecting your health, family, relationships, work, school, financial or other life situations, you can find help and support. You can also search our list of Support Services for services in your local area:. Search support services. Opium Fact sheet ACS Chemical Neuroscience.
Booth M. Opium: a history. Understanding drugs and behaviour. Kalant H. Opium revisited: a brief review of its nature, composition, non-medical use and relative risks. World Health Organisation. Toronto: Addiction Research Foundation; Opium addiction and lead poisoing. Journal of Substance Use. Lead poisoning among opium users in Iran: an emerging health hazard. Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy. Lead poisoning and health Online More at the ADF Library.
View the Drug Wheel. Last updated: 16 JulWhat is opium used for
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