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Teacup cats and miniature cats are simply cat breeds that are smaller than usual. They are small all over but in proportion, unlike dwarf cats. Teacup cats and miniature cats are created by breeding the smallest cats from a breed. Although, teacup cats are smaller than Teacup miniature cats cats.
Despite being almost unheard of thirty years ago, dwarf cats, teacup cats and miniature cats have become hugely popular in a relatively short period of time. Teacup miniature cats and more prospective cat owners are researching miniature cat breeds and teacup kitten prices. So, we take a look at these new cats on the block and the important things to consider before bringing one home.
Anecdotes of dwarf cats have been recorded since at least Teacup miniature cats nineteenth century. Then, two types of extra-small cat appeared at the same time in the early s. And, instead of dying out again, a new market for them exploded overnight. Those cats were the Munchkin cat and the teacup Persian cat, and they have very different reasons for being small.
Put simply, dwarf cats have short legs on a normal-sized body, and miniature cats are small all over. Teacup, micro and ultra-micro are just terms coined to describe different degrees of miniaturization. Munchkin cats carry a hereditary genetic mutation that gives them short legs in proportion to the rest Teacup miniature cats their body.
This condition is known as pseudoachondroplasia. Munchkin cats were the first dwarf breed of cat to receive some recognition as a pedigree in their own right. Ina teacher in Louisiana adopted an ordinary-size stray female cat. When that cat delivered a litter of kittens, half of them were born with pseudoachondroplasia.
One of the dwarf tom kittens went on to live the life of Riley as an unneutered, outdoor tom. Soon enough, dwarf cats started cropping up all over the neighborhood and being sold further afield. Persian cats can also be born with pseudoachondroplasia, and a lively market for dwarf Persian cats sprang up at the same time interest was growing in Munchkin cats. But teacup Persian cats do not have pseudoachondroplasia. They are just very small, normally proportioned Persians cats.
Ultra-typing is the term for a program of sustained selective breeding deed to exaggerate a particular characteristic. This process is common in breeding programs for domestic animals of all kinds. In the case of teacup Persian cats, the smallest cats of each generation were bred together so that their offspring became smaller and smaller. Some breeders argue that this has been made possible by another hereditary condition that is equivalent to primordial dwarfism in humans.
However, there is no genetic evidence to back that claim up at this time. Munchkin cats tip the scales at four to nine pounds when fully grown. In comparison, the average cat weighs nine to eleven pounds. Miniature cats peak at a diminutive five to six pounds, while a full-grown teacup cat may weigh only three to four pounds. There are breeders offering ultra-micro Persians which barely nudge two pounds.
The rise of Persian teacups has inspired people to search for small versions of other popular cat breeds, such as miniature Siamese cats and teacup Ragdoll kittens. Sadly, these kittens often have a lot of health problems, and purchasing them supports inhumane animal breeding. The aim of this final experimental breed is to create a domestic cat that looks like a wild Genet.
These breeds, especially the Napoleon, begin to blur the distinction between dwarf and miniature cats. Dwarf cats, teacup cats Teacup miniature cats miniature cats tap straight into that instinct, and they are undeniably cute.
They also seem like the intuitive choice if you have a small house or apartment. Despite their short legs, they are still agile enough to jump onto furniture and kitchen counters, and they love to explore. Miniature Persians and teacup Persians have the same reputation as their full-sized counterparts. They are usually loyal, friendly and docile. Because of this, they are sometimes recommended as ideal pets for children and older people but bear in mind that their small stature makes Teacup miniature cats fragile.
This often means they require special care. Miniature Persian kittens are rarely ready to leave their mothers at twelve weeks. Often, they need to stay with her for five or six months before you can take them home. Like their full-sized cousins, miniature Persians need daily help with grooming to prevent their coat from becoming matted.
Miniature Persians are also vulnerable to a range of health problems that require a financial and time commitment to manage. Munchkin cats are generally considered pretty robust, but breeders and critics are divided over the health implications of deliberately breeding cats with pseudoachondroplasia. In addition, litters of Munchkin kittens are smaller than average, which suggests that embryos that inherit the dwarf gene from both parents homozygous for pseudoachondroplasia are not viable and die in the womb. But, the College of Veterinary Medicine at the University of Missouri has begun to research the breed, and hopefully, this will be a future objective for them.
Selective breeding for very flattened faces is an increasing problem in Persian cats. This is especially true in miniature varieties because it complements their tiny, smushed-up look. Unfortunately, it frequently in problems with breathing, grooming, eating and eye health.
Persian cats are also prone to Polycystic Kidney Disease. This is a hereditary disease that can be screened for before cats are mated. You can find out more about the health problems that affect Persian cats in our breed review of Persian cats. Dwarf cats, teacup cats and miniature cats have been created by either deliberately preserving genetic mistakes or by selectively breeding very small cats.
In the new experimental breeds, both strategies have been used. Across Europe, the European Convention for the Protection of Pet Animals effectively makes breeding dwarf and miniature cats illegal in Europe. Many vets have also gone on record to speak out against dwarf cats, including Dr. In the meantime, be prepared that if you do decide to bring a teacup kitten home, you may have to defend yourself against some fierce criticism. Owing to their controversial history and unresolved health concerns, dwarf cats, teacup cats and miniature cats are not widely available outside of the United States.
Specialist breeders can be found online, and are preferable to private on websites such as Craigslist. Remember these breeds are new, so the of responsibly-bred, healthy animals is small. That makes them valuable, so many litters are often placed by word of mouth without being advertised. A responsible breeder will put the welfare of their cats at the forefront. They should be happy to talk candidly about the health problems facing dwarf and teacup cats. A breeder who tries to brush these concerns under the carpet is most likely more interested in profit than animal welfare. High demand and small litters keep the of available Munchkin kittens low and prices high.
The cost of a miniature or teacup kitten from a responsible dealer will reflect the costs of screening for known health risks and careful breeding from a wide gene pool. More likely than not they are just lining their pockets.
Because the of dwarf cats and miniature cats is still small, healthy cats are valuable. Therefore, they are rarely available for adoption. When teacup kitten are offered for adoption, the reality is that they are likely to be ill. If you are serious about bringing home a miniature kitten, research breeders and ask to their waiting lists. Be prepared to be patient and to part with a ificant amount of money. These well-established breeds are naturally petite for scale, an average domestic cat usually weighs about ten pounds :.
Tipping the scales at five to eight pounds, affectionate and playful Singapuras have a characteristically ticked tabby coat and are known for perching in high places to get a good view of the world. At a dainty six to seven pounds, the friendly and adventurous Cornish Rex only has a single coat of curly or wavy down hairs, making them exceptionally silky and soft. Blessed with big eyes and even bigger ears, Devon Rexes are smart, mischievous and loving. They weigh between six and nine pounds and are another breed that sheds less than most cats.
Buying and caring for miniature or teacup kittens requires a ificant amount of time and money. So, please take the time to find a responsible breeder. And, if you meet a breeder treating kittens badly, please use this link to ASPCA guidance on reporting animal cruelty. Khuly, P. Sellers, S. Wedderburn, P. Written by the founders of this website including the author of the hugely successful Happy Puppy Handbook, it's packed with cat care information and fascinating cat facts. Our cat care articles, tips and fun facts, delivered to your inbox. Thank you for the wonderful article.
We to the world of Teacup Persians. I have contacted a breeder and should be bringing my new kitten home in a month or so. I was wondering if you had any advice on a feeding schedule that would work well for the kitten as it grows and matures. Thank you again for the article!!! I just had to put my cat down after 20 years. She was always between 6 — 9 pounds. Do you think she was a miniature? I would be interested in another small cat, but am not interested in altering her DNA or cross breeding on purpose.
Any suggestions? I had a litter of 3 kittens 2 grew normal 1 stayed super small he is 20 weeks now and the size of a 7 week old kitten he is very playful and loveable no health problems so far he goes to vet again in 2 weeks he has not grown any since he hit 9 weeks old we decided to keep him due to size his mom is on the small size average of 6. I fostered a litter of 4 kittens last year that had one abnormally small baby. Her brothers grew normally but when they were 4 or 5 months old she looked like a newborn.
Eventually she started to grow proportionately but she never weighed more than 2. She had neurological problems we initially thought were caused by cerebellar hypoplasia but as she deteriorated we were forced to give up that diagnosis. However, she was cognitively normal and had such an attitude!
The bones in her hind legs were soft, her hip sockets were extremely shallow, she hyperextended her wrists, her spine was crooked, and by the time she reached her heaviest she could no longer walk. She looked completely normal, just always like a kitten, even when she grew in her adult coat and teeth. She never reached sexual maturity. The vet could rarely find a vein big enough to draw blood from but on the occasions she did she was unable to see any white Teacup miniature cats cells in the samples despite being her the only kitten in the litter who did not ever come down with URI or diarrhea.
She lived nine months before I had to put her down due to a probable stroke.Teacup miniature cats
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