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They can temporarily enhance alertness, mood, and awareness. Some stimulants are legal and widely used, but they can also be addicting. Beneficial levels of stimulants can cause exhilaration, prolonged wakefulness, and loss of appetite. The effects are exaggerated when large doses are taken. Some stimulant drugs are manufactured legally for the treatment of ADHD and other disorders.
They get diverted from legitimate use and sold illegally. Others are manufactured secretly for the illicit market. Prescription stimulants are used to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder ADHDtreat obesity by suppressing appetite, and treat narcolepsy by increasing wakefulness.
They are prescribed as:. Methamphetamine is typically an illegally produced drug; however, it is available as a prescription as Desoxyn to treat obesity and ADHD. This is a stimulant made from the leaves and twigs of an evergreen shrub. Cathine and cathinone are active ingredients. Cocaine is a white crystalline powder that comes from coca leaves. Cocaine base crack looks like little white rocks. Prescription medications that are not being used as directed by and under the supervision of medical personnel are being misused. In the original pill or capsule form, stimulants are swallowed.
Alternately, tablets can be crushed, or capsules Short term effects of stimulants be opened. Then the powder can be dissolved in water and injected, or it can be snorted or smoked. The use of any drug always has some risk. There is no safe level of drug use. Stimulants affect people differently depending on:. When you need more and more of a drug to produce the usual effects, it is called tolerance. Tolerance can develop quickly, and psychological dependence occurs.
It has been observed that the strongest psychological dependence happens with the more powerful stimulants such as amphetamine, methamphetamine, cocaine, and methcathinone. Misuse of prescription stimulants can lead to a substance use disorder SUD. Eventually, this takes the form of substance dependence in severe cases. Unfortunately, long-term use of stimulants, even as prescribed by a doctor, can cause the person to develop a tolerance.
A SUD happens when continued use of the drug causes problems for the user, but he continues to use regardless of the consequences. These can be health Short term effects of stimulants and problems meeting responsibilities at home, work, or school. Heavy users may inject themselves every few hours. And continue to use until they have used up their supply or reached a point of delirium, psychosis, and physical exhaustion. While a person is using heavily, all other interests in their life take a backseat to recreate that first euphoric rush. Whether they are prescribed, over-the-counter, or illicit, taking stimulants with other medications can be dangerous and unpredictable.
These are possible of some combinations:. When a person develops a SUD and stops using the drug, withdrawal symptoms will occur. Symptoms can include:. Yes, you can overdose on stimulants. An overdose happens when the individual uses enough of the drug to produce a life-threatening reaction or death. When a person overdoses, they commonly have several different symptoms, including:. In other words, if you use a stimulant regularly to increase your physical exertion capabilities, the physical exertion might kill you.
Since stimulant overdose often le to a heart attack or seizure, the Short term effects of stimulants important thing is to get medical help immediately. First responders and ER doctors treat the overdose by attempting to restore the blood flow to the heart and stopping the seizures with medication if necessary.
Several stimulants have no medical use in the United States but have a high possibility for harmful use. They are controlled in Schedule I. Stimulant chemicals in over-the-counter products such as ephedrine and pseudoephedrine can be found in allergy and cold medicine.
As a result of The Combat Methamphetamine Epidemic Act ofretail stores have to keep these products out of the reach of customers. Regulated retailers are required to keep a written or electronic form of a logbook to record sales of these products.
To purchase them, customers must show a photo ID issued by a state or federal government. Retailers are then required to enter the name, ature, address, date, and time of sale into the logbook. In addition to all that, there are daily and monthly sales limits for customers. Caffeine is also a stimulant drug. It is possible to die from having too much caffeine, but it is very rare.
However, it could happen if a person drank about 80 cups of strong coffee, one after the other. Also, small children can have caffeine poisoning if a smaller amount, equal to about 12 energy drinks are consumed one after the other. As true of any drug, giving up caffeine is challenging because the body has to adjust to functioning without it. Withdrawal symptoms include:.
Although not usually thought of as a stimulant, nicotine is also a stimulant drug. In fact, it is one of the three most widely used psychoactive drugs in the world. This is even though there may be not medical uses for it. For people who smoke tobacco products regularly, they can build a tolerance to the short-term effects of smoking tobacco. Products containing nicotine have well-documented negative health effects and are considered a major preventable cause of premature death and disability.
Once again, your body must adjust to functioning without nicotine when you give it up. Withdrawal symptoms may last from a few days to a few weeks. Individuals struggling with an addiction to stimulants, whether prescribed or illegal, will need a period of detoxification before beginning a treatment program. Going through withdrawal can be extremely uncomfortable. In a detox center, the individual receives hour monitoring and medical supervision in case of an emergency.
At this time, no medication is FDA-approved for stimulant addiction. Therefore, psychotherapy is the basis of the treatment of cocaine dependence or other stimulant use disorders. They learn ways to resist cravings and build a drug-free life.
Are you struggling with an addiction to stimulants? Do you have a family member or someone else close to you who is? Either way, we can help you at Sana Lake. Our staff of trained professionals is experienced in helping people just like you. That is all we do. now. Our compassionate, trained treatment specialists are available around the clock to answer any questions you might have. Call Us Today: Table of Contents. Take the First Step Today.
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Effects of Stimulants on the Body